MET (Muscle Energy Techniques) Part I
Early in my therapy career I was introduced to several osteopathic courses that utilized Muscle Energy Techniques or MET. Today, I would like to talk about MET, their benefits and the physiological theories behind their application.
First, let’s define Muscle Energy Technique (MET). A MET is defined as an osteopathic treatment in which the patient’s muscles are actively used, from a precise controlled position in a specific direction AND against a distinct counterforce. MET’s are an active treatment approach where the patient provides the force versus a passive treatment manipulation (where the therapist provides the force or manipulation).
The goals of MET include:
• Restoring normal tone
• Preparation muscles for subsequent stretching
• Restoring normal joint biomechanics
• Improving musculoskeletal efficiencies
• And finally, pain reduction
Amongst the first group, I have highlighted restoring normal tone because I believe that is one of the biggest contributions METs can provide. Reeducation or restoration in normal tone allow preparation for stretching, helps restore normal mechanics, and helps make the body more efficient.
The MET approach uses the following two main principals to change (restore normal) tone:
• Contract Relax Techniques, or Post Isometric Relaxation
• Reciprocal Inhibition
Part Two will discuss Contract relax techniques and reciprocal inhibition,Copyright: samotrebizan / 123RF Stock Photo